To the Moon, Alice!

A NASA astronaut jokingly advertises a recover...
A NASA astronaut jokingly advertises a recovered
defective satellite for sale during a space walk
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)
By Carl Weiss

If you’re my age, you can remember the excitement of the space race. The race to have your countries have its team be the first step foot on the moon. TV coverage was huge and constant. We also had all that drama when we first circled the moon and the spacecraft was in trouble. Today we have a new race!

Nearly everyone on the planet has heard of the XPrize, which has spawned hi-tech
Courtesy of Wikipedia
competitions with multi-million dollar prizes for everything from fuel efficient vehicles to sub-orbital spacecraft. However, in what must be the XPrize that is by far the most "Out There," the race is on as three-dozen teams are vying to become the first private enterprises to land a rover on the moon. The winner takes home $30 million. In fact, the Google Lunar XPrize competition has recently heated up with one competitor, Team Astrobotic collecting a three quarters of a million dollar "Milestone Prize" for overcoming key technical risks in the areas of imaging and mobility. XPrize may announce more Milestone winners in the coming weeks, if other teams can prove their rovers are on track to land on the moon by December 31, 2016.

As a Trekie Would Say, "To Go Where No XPrize Has Gone Before"

English: SpaceShipOne test pilot Mike Melvill ...
English: SpaceShipOne test pilot Mike Melvill after the launch in pursuit of the Ansari X Prize on September 29, 2004. Photo taken by RenegadeAven during Civil Air Patrol duties. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
To understand the sheer audacity of the current prize, you need to understand those that came before it.  The XPrize Foundation was founded in 1995 by entrepreneur Peter Diamandis who offered a $10 million prize to the first privately financed team that could construct and fly a three place vehicle 100 kilometers into the stratosphere.  The contest, which later morphed into the Ansari XPrize eventually involved 26 teams whose combined expenditures topped $100 million.  Won by Burt Rutan and his Mojave Aerospace Ventures team who flew SpaceShipOne into space and back, the XPrize did not end there.

In fact, the inspiration for the XPrize did not get its start in the space age, but the Roaring 20s when French Hotelier Raymond Orteig offered a $25,000 prize for the first person to fly nonstop between New York City and Paris.  That’s right, this is the very prize that inspired Charles Lindbergh to work with the Ryan Aircraft Company to construct the Spirit of St. Louis.  While Lucky Lindy won this prize in 1927, what most people forget is that he was not the first, nor the only person, to attempt the feat. 

The same year that the Orteig Prize was announced, the Daily Mail offered a 10,000 pound prize for any airplane or airship that crossed the Atlantic Ocean in either direction between the British Isles and the US or Canada.  Captain John Alcock and Lieutenant Arthur Whitten-Brown of the RAF accomplished this feat in a WWI Vickers-Vimy bomber, making the prizewinning flight from Newfoundland to in a little more than 16 hours.
Courtesy of www.blog.speculist.com

They weren’t alone.  According to thestraightdope.com, “Major George Herbert Scott of the RAF and the crew of the British dirigible R.34 in July 1919 flew from East Fortune, Scotland, to Mineola, Long Island, New York, a distance of almost 3,000 miles, in about four and a half days. Also on board were a stowaway (William Ballantyne), a stowaway cat (Whoopsie or Wopsie) and two homing pigeons. The R.34 made the return flight to Pulham, England, a few days later, marking the first round trip transatlantic flight.”

While 10,000 Pounds Sterling or $25,000 American sounds like a paltry amount today, as well as a flight from Europe to the US or vice versa, when taken into context both the prizes offered and the lofty goals put forth were staggering for their time.  It also goes to show that cash prizes are an incredible way to galvanize the creative spirit and spur competition.

Other Prizes That Were Newsworthy

While the Ansari XPrize was the most newsworthy, it was not the only competition to bear that moniker.  In 2007, Progressive Insurance through its hat into the ring announcing the Automotive XPrize whose goal was to design, build and race vehicles that could achieve 100 MPG that were capable of being mass produced.  On September 16, 2010 three winning teams were announced:
  1. Team Edison2 won the $5 million mainstream competition with its 4-passenger Very Light Car that achieved 102.5 MPG.
  2. Team Li-Ion Motors won the $2.5 million Alternative competition with their Wave-II electric vehicle that achieved 187 MPG.
  3. Team x-Tracer Switzerland won the $2.5 million Alternative Tandem competition with an electric motorcycle that clocked in at 205.3 MPG
Courtesy of www.theautochannel.com


On July 29, 2010, the Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup XCHALLENGE was introduced that offered a $1 million prize that inspired a new generation of innovative solutions that will speed the pace of cleaning up seawater surface oil resulting from spillage from ocean platforms, tankers, and other sources. The team of Elastec/American Marine won the challenge by developing a device that skims oil off of water three times faster than previously existing technology.

A Clear Cut Case of Lunacy

This brings us to the Google Lunar XPrize introduced in September 2007.  The goal of the prize is for teams to launch, land and operate a rover on the lunar surface.  Offering $20 million to the first team that successfully roves more than 500 meters and transmits back high definition video, the competition also offers a $5 million second prize as well as millions in bonuses by being the first to achieve specific goals.
Courtesy of Wired.com

According to Wikipedia, “As of June 2014, 18 GLXP teams remain in the competition, and five of those are thought to be making good progress. However, none of the GLXP teams have announced firm launch dates to attempt the prize. The prize expires at the end of 2016 and launch service providers typically require launch vehicle reservation 24 months prior to the date of the launch.[4] Also in June, one GLXP team is scouting co-competitors to travel with it on a common launch vehicle and lunar transit satellite. Astrobotic announced it would be willing to share a single "ride" to the Moon with up to four competitors. The shared transporter, including a shared Lunar landing, would result in a common start time for a race to achieve the 500 m lunar-surface distance-traveled objective. However, Astrobotic had not yet lined up its own launch arrangements with 18 months left in the competition.[5]

That’s not to say that several teams haven’t made significant progress.  Several teams, including Carnegie Mellon University have already completed rovers. Astrobiotics Griffin Lander is well under way. 
Courtesy of www.astrobotic.com

https://www.astrobotic.com/griffin  Whether any of the teams will be able to snatch the prize before the clocks runs down is anybody’s guess.  But if Lucky Lindy hadn’t risked his life to make the first solo transatlantic crossing by airplane, think of how different the world might be today.

But Wait, There are More XPrizes

If a trip to the Moon isn’t far out enough for you there is yet another XPrize that’s even more
out there.  In 2011 Qualcomm sponsored a Tricorder XPrize with the goal of creating a mobile device that can deliver medical diagnosis, better than or equal to a panel of board certified physicians.  Inspired from the Tricorder device from the series Star Trek, this prize has yet to be won.  I have seen a device at last year’s One Spark that actually measure heart rate, temperature and several other bodily functions, that is actually a little bigger that the “'Star Trek' Tricorder." It works, but it still needs a physician to provide a diagnosis. With $10 million in prizes on the line, all I can say is, “Get cracking, all you Trekkies out there."  No one will need a doctor when you can point, click and read the diagnosis!
Courtesy of http://tricorder.xprize.org/

In this article, I discussed in detail the XPrize race to land, rove and take pictures with  an unmanned rover on the moon. Millions of dollars in prize money are up for grabs as dozens of team via for milestone prizes and the grand prize. And if that’s not far-out enough, I also talk about the Tricorder XPrize, for the first company to develop a working Tricorder a la “Star Trek” fame.
If you would like to read similar articles, check out, "More Star Trek Tech", "A Borg in Every Boardroom - Cyber Augmentation for All"  or “"Birth of the Bionic Man"” or type these phrases in the search box at the top of the blog.

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 Carl Weiss is president of Working the Web to Win, an award-winning digital marketing agency based in Jacksonville, Florida.  You can listen to Carl live every Tuesday at 4 p.m. Eastern on BlogTalkRadio.

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1 comment:

  1. This article was -- sorry, I can't resist -- out of this world!

    ReplyDelete